EDU 430 Methods of Teaching in the Primary/Junior grades

Education is a vital function of every nation because it is the pathway to communication. It is through education that nations are built culturally, politically and economically.   It is my belief that a teacher must be authentic with enthusiasm to break barriers and raise the bar. A great teacher possesses distinguished qualities that cannot be measured. Formulating my philosopher of education statement, the focus is on key principles that are fundamental for human existence.   They are theological, psychological, political and sociological aspects of human behaviour that corresponds with education.

My theological belief is that a teacher is one who performs deep surgical operation of the soul and dies to flesh (self) to develop self control, humility, compassion and the desire to bring about goodness in her students. With a wounded spirit, and wounded heart spring empathy and compassion. A teacher must take the role of a servant to exercise good leadership, and he must be able to provide constant support to students. A teacher is one whose enthusiasm is dedicated to bring about change with on going quest to strive to break barriers and ensure that no child is left to feel inferior.

Looking from a psychological stand point, people are bands of energy. Our energy gets transmitted through encounter with others. Exuding energy that invigorates the environment is absolutely necessary for classroom unity. Possessing a character that is impartial, domesticated, vibrant, benevolent, cooperative along with strong will power is the recipe for success. A teacher that is bias will only cause delay in student’s progress


Politically, the education system is governed by a hierarchy of rules set in place by a democratic society. In the twentieth century era, every part of society is framed by government mandate. Technology is rapidly changing teaching applications in schools and teachers must continue to take professional development courses to keep updated with modern technology. The educator’s role is to demonstrate self-sufficiency with mastery in teaching. In order to maintain a reputation that is untainted, teachers must guard themselves with all diligence.

The sociological perspective of education ties to communication, collaboration, and community development in institutions.   A huge emphasis is placed on communicating information, building community and collaborating with stake holders and parents for the benefit of creating meaningful and efficient ways to help students. Teachers have to adapt and be conditioned to stimulate learning that will satisfy learning objectives. Teachers must also encourage students learning and implement methods that are helpful to every individual student. Teachers must also encourage students learning and implement methods that are helpful to every individual student.

A school is a sanctuary, a hamlet for students.   Teachers and school leaders have the obligation to make sure students are following rules and responsibility to foster a safe environment. A teacher must always do self-examination, self-reflection and perform student’s assessments regularly.   Teachers are required to maintain order in the classroom by enforcing rules and guidelines set by the Administrators of the school.

Every child a teacher fail or neglect, that teacher is like a man who looks in the mirror turns around and forget what we looked like.


Gradual Release

Gradual release of responsibility requires a lot probing, and self-reflection to determine whether students are ready to perform an activity independently without a teacher’s aid.  This model allow students to build confidence and concretize their knowledge about a subject.  Students have the opportunity to apply knowledge and skills they have learn in reading and writing.
In most cases the teacher model the lesson first and while student observe, listen and think trying apply what was taught.

Technology in the Classroom

The use of technological applications presented itself as a very useful tool, that is necessary to produce work efficiently and effectively.     A computer without the internet is not very productive  and that is why it is important to understand students background and what is essentially the best form of teaching materials to use in class.  Technology, of course, is not the answer to all the problems faced by students with special needs.  Its successful use in the classroom will depend on the characteristics of individual students; the outcomes of the work that students accomplish; the task that meets that meets the needs of a particular student; and the functional use of the hardware and software.  It is noteworthy that Teachers take into account of the child that is not technology savvy or don’t have a personal computer.  He or she will start feeling neglect of the under achiever or afraid that the he or she might send the wrong message of a nonchalant, don’t care personality when this is not the case.
Being a reflective practitioner is a key component of teaching because a teacher can observe where students display strength or weakness.   This way the teacher will be able to create equilibrium and adjust curriculum to meet every student needs.  The final thought is that as education we have enter into a covenant with parents to act as transmitters; so we ought to prove ourselves competent.  the information we transport and transfer unto our students will either be the vehicle that deters the rise or fall of that student.

21st Century Learning

Twenty First Century Learning



Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) is therefore

In essence, and by definition, education for the 21st century.


Developed ways to encourage learning in the classrooms


  • Engaging students as partners in their own learning
  • Harnessing the capacity of technology to engage learners and to optimize and amplify student learning and achievement
  • Emphasizing and teaching important higher-order skills such as critical thinking, communication, collaboration, creativity and entrepreneurship
  • Supporting educators in preparing our students for a rapidly changing, technology-driven, globalized world.

Personalizing classroom to enabled, engaged, and empowered to acquired knowledge and master skills

Developing curriculum to meet the needs of students

Arranging and rearranging classroom settings

Blended knowledge skills, specific skills, literacy e.g problem solving, communication,

Computer and digital literacy, information and technological skills, creativity, character and innovation

Students to have opportunity to record ideas using computers, use graphic organizers to plan

Curriculum delivery based on the four roles of the Literate Learner meaning maker,code user, text user and text analyzer

Reading writing oral and media literacy

There is an emphasis on creativity, innovation and “digital literacies,”

Classes are more learners centered

Building students on self-efficacy; to believe in the own ability because it boost self-confidence and academic achievements. And like wise the same goes for teachers.

Prescribed physical activities, such as dance, outdoor games etc.


Build professional learning communities where teachers can neteork

Collaboration among colleagues and exchanging ideas

Authentic learning introducing students to real-life problems


Computer and Assistive technology in the classroom


Class lecture covered different types of programs use4d in classroom to assist students with exceptionality. Some of these programs addressed were programs to help students with reading, scribing and mathematics.

Software that exist are Kurzweil –text to read software

Speech voice recognition software, dragon naturally speaking is speech to test software




Professional Learning Facilitator


 Constructivist is common term used for facilitation.   Taking the constructivist approach is the idea that a teacher scaffold, circle the classroom to ensure that students are working as expected.  The teacher also provide direction to students to keep them on task.   The class is more student centered that teacher centered, meaning student take responsibility for own learning.    Small group learning is also another means where peer sharing reinforces learning.

Some  skeptics believe that the constructivist approach consumes time waiting for students to make discovery on their own, while a teacher direct involvement reduces the amount of  trial and errors that student will make before successfully arriving with answers.